mobile home roof over designs - metal installed over home

If you own an older mobile home with a flat roof, chances are you will need to replace the roof sooner rather than later. In this article, we will help you understand self-supported mobile home roof over designs and share examples of how other mobile homeowners are giving their homes a longer lifespan, better energy efficiency, and a more modern look with a new roof over.

Though building a pitched roof over a flat mobile home roof is more expensive than replacing the material, a self-supporting roof over can dramatically increase the curb appeal, function, and energy efficiency of your mobile home.


4 Types of Mobile Home Roof Trusses: Bowstring, Slope, Half Slope, and Flat

Before we continue, we need to cover a few basics about mobile home roof overs. First, there are three common types of mobile home roof or truss designs: flat, standard slope, half truss, and bowstring trusses.

mobile home roofing shapes - illustration book 2

Bowstring trusses are a dome shape. Most mobile homes will have bowstring trusses made with 2×2 or 2x3s. Structurally, they cannot withstand a lot of weight.

Bowstring trusses are a dome shape

A flat mobile home roof comes from flat rafters or trusses. Flat or bowstring roof designs were often used in manufactured home construction until the mid-1980s.

flat mobile home roof design

A half truss is used on double wides and means what it says, it’s only half a truss. When a double wide is married together it forms a full truss that slopes down each side.

double wide half roof truss roof installed in factory - Clayton Homes

Standard slope trusses are the pitched roofs we see on modern single wides. They have a high mid-point and slope down each side.

mobile home with standard slope truss roof

For over 3 decades, pitched roofs have been the most common manufactured home roof design. All of the truss designs are usually placed every 16″ or 24″ on center.

More expensive manufactured home will have better framing and a shorter distance between the roof trusses.

See Common Questions about Mobile Home Roofs Here

Can Your Home Carry the Load of a New Roof Over?  

Before you can add a new mobile home roof over your home you’ll need to ensure the home’s structure can withstand the weight of a new roof.

Homes with flat roofs of bowstring trusses pose a problem because they are not strong enough to withstand the weight of a new roof.

A professional roofer will use exact measurements from the home’s construction along with framing and truss dimensions to calculate the type of roof over will work best. They must account for both dead and live loads to ensure the new roof won’t be too heavy for the home’s framing to bear.

In cases where the home simply cannot withstand the weight, the best option is to create a self-supporting mobile home roof over.

Learn How to Find and Repair Leaks on Mobile Home Roofs Here

Self-Supporting Mobile Home Roof Overs

If your home is older or made with smaller lumber it may not be able to bear the weight of the new roof, requiring post and beam framing that carries the weight down to the ground. This isn’t difficult but it does add more cost.

To give a mobile home with a flat roof better protection, more energy efficiency, and a more modern appearance many homeowners chose a gabled roof over design, also known as pitched. These gabled roofs can be covered with asphalt shingles or metal panels – the weight doesn’t matter if the roof over has it’s own self-supporting frame.

No other modification can completely change the look of a mobile home like a self-supporting roof over.

Lean-to Design Used on Self-Supporting Roof Over design example

Installing a self-supporting mobile home roof over is only recommended for homeowners that own the land their home sits on. There’s no sense in spending money on a self-supporting roof over if someone else owns the land or you plan on moving in the future.

Examples of Self-Supporting Mobile Home Roof Over Designs

If the home’s construction cannot withstand the weight of a new roof it will need to be designed as a self-supporting roof over, meaning its weight will be held by its own footers, via post and beam construction. The following images are all examples of self-supporting mobile home roof overs.

A self-supporting mobile home roof over design means it has its own legs or posts to stand on. The home itself will bear none of the new roof’s weight.

Lean-to Design Used on Self-Supporting Roof Over

Notice the posts every few feet running down the side of the home? The posts hold and distribute the weight of a new lean-to roof design.

Lean-to Design Used on Self-Supporting Roof Over

After the framing was finished and the new metal roof was installed, new siding was installed and painted blue. The taller roof makes this small mobile home appear much larger than it really is.

Lean-to Design Used on Self-Supporting Roof Over- after

The posts spaced every few feet around the perimeter of the home, called perimeter footings and piers, are placed at least every 8-10 foott along the home’s perimeter to support the weight of the new roof.

Pole Barn Design on Self-Supporting Roof Over

This next example of a self-supporting mobile home roof over is popular because it is used on barns and sheds far more than on mobile homes.

Your Mobile Home Energy and Repair Guide defines a roof over, or Ramada roof, as a new site-built roof that is installed above a mobile home that has its own supports like a pole barn:

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 1
This is a unique self-supported mobile home roof over. When finished it will look like the pole barn design below.

Roof overs should be self-supporting like pole barns. In fact, many roof overs are just small pole barns over top the mobile home.

Your Mobile Home Energy and Repair Guide
self-supported mobile home roof over designs -shed barn
This self-supported mobile home roof over design is really just a pole barn built over a mobile home.

Building a Self Supporting Mobile Home Roof Over

The following shows the building process of a self-supporting mobile home roof over.

This build was found in a forum for Chevrolet fans, the poster owns a single wide mobile home on Lake Eufaula in eastern Oklahoma with large decks on the front.

Summers were too hot to sit on the decks since there was no shade and if it rained there was nowhere to sit outside. He wanted to cover both decks but did not want to attach them to the mobile home in any way. He used Google SketchUp to develop the plan for the roof over:

Phase 1: Planning the Mobile Home Roof Over

Once the plan was created he ordered $3000 worth of 6x6s and 5×5 posts and began installing the posts around the home and the decks.

Phase 2: Posts Installed Around the Mobile Home

The homeowner replaced damaged and old decking while installing posts.

The homeowner says installing the four inner post was the hardest job because there were cemented footers already in place for the decking. Integrating new posts into the existing decks was also time-consuming and required a great deal of work however, the decks are much stronger.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 4

Phase 3: Installing the Railing on the Decks

Phase 3: Cutting the Posts to Proper Height and Adding the 2×8 Headers

After the posts were set and the railings were installed, it was time to cut the posts to the proper hieght and notch them out to hold the headers.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 5
The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 6

For the posts on the front and back of the home the headers were doubled up and placed on the notched posts for proper load bearing. Here’s a closeup:

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 7

Phase 4: Installing the Short Wall Over the Headers

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 8

Temporary braces were installed to help keep the short wall in place until the trusses arrived.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 9

Phase 5: Installing the Trusses

Once the trusses arrived it was time to get them on the roof. Since there were only two people the homeowner used a slide and hoist system to get the trusses up safely:

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 10

The trusses are placed on the roof and ready to be installed.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 11

The trusses have been placed as well as the purlins.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 12

Truss ties were installed:

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 13

The trusses are installed and now the rafters will need to be installed for the deck roof.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 14

Phase 6: Installing Rafters Over the Decks

Phase 7: Metal Roofing Installed

The homeowner ordered 3800 pounds of 26 gauge metal in 12′ panels to place over the trusses and rafters of the home. Roof decking and insulation were not installed.

Many homeowners opt to add insulation under their new metal roof. Perhaps the homeowner plans to add foam board insulation in the future? Still, with the new roof over and metal, the homeowner will save on heating and cooling costs, give the home a longer life span, and create a whole new look for the lake home.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 15
The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 16

Phase 8: Ridge Cap, Side Wall, and Soffit

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 20
The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 21

Best Roofing Materials for Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Overs

We’ve previously discussed the 3 most popular roof over materials here: metal, shingle, and TPO here. There are a couple more materials, like EPDM and standing seam metal roofing that are used on mobile homes of all makes and models. The best materials for self-supporting mobile home roofs are shingles and metal.

Shingle Mobile Home Roofs

For those that want the look of a real shingle roof, as well as for mobile homes that have a higher pitch or gables, there are roof over options that include shingles. Shingle roof overs are also installed right over your existing roof, as long as you have not already had a roof over done in the past.

Shingle roofs come in a few different options and styles for roof overs, as well as several different colors and textures. The main benefit to this style of roof over is the appearance, as the shingles can dramatically improve the curb appeal of your property. Installing shingles is typically more costly than a TPO roof, but can improve the value of your home helping you recoup the total costs.

Another benefit of installing a new roof on your mobile home is the insulation that goes with it.

Metal Mobile Home Roofs

There are a couple of different metal roofing systems used on mobile home roof overs. The old metal roofing found on bowstring shaped roof is usually a tin of sorts that is very thin. It is easily damaged. It is recommended to replace an older mobile home roof with a metal roof product that is flat or standing seamed.

If you order from an actual metal roof producer you can sometimes get thicker metal for a lot less than the metal panels at Lowe’s or Home Depot. A lot of companies offer complete metal roofing kits for a metal mobile home roof over design.

Standing Seam Metal Roof with Insulation is a Great Idea for Mobile Home Roof Overs

Metal roofs are extremely durable and can be installed on a just about any slope. They are popular because the seam where two panels meet is above the water flow which greatly reduces any opportunity for water damage.

A Chesterfield roofing company told us that metal roofs are lighter than shingles, are easier to install, and have a life expectancy of around 50 years. Metal’s durability and ease of install make it a preferred choice for roofing professionals and mobile homeowners. Insulated metal roofs are even better.

A thick layer of foam board insulation not only lowers heating and cooling costs, but it also reduces outside noise that’s so common in older mobile homes.

Metal roof overs can be put on top of any mobile home roof regardless of its current condition.

Learn How to Hire Mobile Home Contractors Without Getting Ripped Off Here.

Mobile Home Roof Overs That Do Not Require Support

The following images are three examples of regular mobile home roof overs that do not require additional support. In other words, these are not self-supporting mobile home roof overs.

The first example has a great pitch and uses gutters to its advantage. Controlling water to flow exactly where you want it is always advantageous for a homeowner. The front porch roof has a lean-to design that works well with the slope of the roof. There would likely be no problems with this roof should the homeowner ever need to transport the home though it’s always better to wait till the home is permanently placed before spending money on remodeling or updating.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 22

This next mobile home, the side panels above the walls was extended (much like the example above of the self-supporting roof over). This is done to give the home a more prominent appearance and by raising the roof altogether it helps keep the eaves and carport out of the way.

The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs 23

This next home has a slightly elevated side wall. This was probably done to help the roof of the addition to line up perfectly with the home’s roof and create a single site line. The edges are trimmed out beautifully in dark brown.

supported mobile home roof over designs

Conclusion

In this article, we’ve shared several examples of both self-supported mobile home roof overs and regular mobile home roof overs that a home’s side walls can support.

If you aren’t for sure whether your home can bear the load of a new roof, have a professional roofing expert give you a free estimate. They will inspect the home’s wall, outriggers, rim joist, and roof’s framing to determine which mobile home roof over design best fits your needs.

Also, always check with association guidelines if your home is in a park or other area where things like height or uniformity of the properties may be in question.

Do you have a unique mobile home roof over design? We’d love to hear about it or see it!

As always, thank you for reading Mobile Home Living!

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Crystal Adkins

Hello! I'm Crystal and I created Mobile Home Living® in 2011.I hope Mobile Home Living is an inspiring and informative resource for you. Please consider letting me feature your mobile home remodels, DIY projects, and makeovers. There aren't enough resources for us mobile home owners online and I want to change that! Thank you!

11 thoughts on “The Best Self-Supported Mobile Home Roof Over Designs”

  1. Chrystal, this site is amazing. I am struggeling with my house since a while. I am planning to put a lean on roof up. I have a 14 x 52 with this half round type of roof from 1982. The highest pitch is 11′ since we lifted that house on railroad tie ramps. I ordered already 6x6x14 … and now .. here is the struggle, I can’t handle them myself, since I am a one-woman-show. My horseshelters were no problem, I used 4x4s there. So here is the question, if I use 4x4s every 6 feet as perimeter, could that carry the roof? I want a max 1′ sloope since I am standing pretty good in the wind here, so there is never snow piled up on my horse shelters. My other struggle: posts better in the ground, or on concrete footings? I want to add an addition as well then, kinda mudroom and some more, for which I wanted to built a framing then inbetween the perimeter posts, which should give additional stability. I am german, and my brain is cooking since a while over this. I just don’t want to attach anything on the framing structure of the house itself, it is meant to be a shell, leaving the house alone. Just the back door needs to be somehow integrated with probably a ton of weatherstrips. Any suggestions??

    1. Wow! Your one-woman show is a blockbuster! It sounds like you know what you’re doing much better than I ever could. You def won’t want to attach anything to the home itself. As far as footers, all I know is that they should be straight and below the frost line. With load, it all depends on the weight and span and that’s over my head. I would contact a builder or two and have them estimate what it would cost and how they think you should go about it.
      I think with your experience and tenacity you’ll do just fine! Please take pics along the way – I’d love to share it when you’re finished!

  2. How do I figure out if my double wide will hold a top hat roof over or a pole barn style instead? (Top hat is just putting a roof on top of the existing one.) My plan is to attach 2×8’s to the top side rail then, attach metal holders for the trusses. the center would have two 2×10’s with a plywood center sandwiched in-between. Which would allow me to attach the other side of the trailers rafters. Then run 2×4’s between the rafters to link them , then plywood on top with tarpaper and finally a tin roof. I have a 1975 titan double wide with a roof that has to be completely repaired.

    1. Hi Ed,

      I’m not very knowledgeable about roofing but I think there is a formula that takes the size of the roof trusses, sidewall framing, and another number to come up with the live and dead load per square inch. Unfortuantely, I don’t know what that formula is or if I’m even correct (hopefully, someone else can answer).

  3. I’m thinking about adding framing on top of my shingled 99 2×4 mobile home to get ventilated soffit and over hang. Also open the roof and add blown in insulation. But even with 2×4 walls, I’m more concerned with the cantilevered floor joists holding the weight. Every mobile home Ive been in has crowned floor joints because the weight of the home is unsupported on the side walls because the frame isn’t under them.

    1. Hi Mike,

      Outriggers are vital for roofing construction that will be adding more weight. However, you should be able to do everything you want assuming you keep the weight down. Eaves are one of the best things you can add to a manufactured home, it protects the siding from rain and snow and gives the home a more site-built look. I’ve heard about sidewall reinforcement but adding posts for the roof would be probably be easier.

  4. I have a 1972 Silvercrest double-wide. The roof has had problems with leaks ever since I purchased it in 2001. Last year I finally bit the bullet and paid about $12K for a foam roof to be sprayed directly on top of the original metal roof. So far it has survived 2 rainy seasons without any leaks. I am hoping for a decade or longer without problems.

  5. This is one of the most interesting articles I have ever read concerning the flexibility of improving mobile homes. Just “sad” that I did not read it two years ago before I replaced the roof that Hurricane Irma removed from my home. Please keep up the good work posting articles like this one.

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